- Mar 30, 2019
Does anyone know if any European countries require their local governments to pay for or subsidize the shorter distance trains operated by the central government? Anyone have their version of the 700 mile rule (accounting for a proportional country size (e.g. Luxembourg having a 700 meter rule?) Do the French make their Regions pay? The Swiss make their Cantons pay?
I hope to see some specific nations described. Here's a generalization.
Under the EU there are various regional arrangements now and regional authorities in some places have the right to contract for service either with the legacy operator or with private contractors (see photos). The regional authorities have revenue sharing from the national governments.
There are at least two issues in hindsight that do not seem to have been anticipated.
- The legacy carriers set up incorporated subsidiaries that can win service contracts in their home countries and in other countries. This disappoints people who want to break up the legacy carriers.
- As in North America, if your small city is midway between two regions you may have mediocre service (see photo). Or, as in some Northeast Corridor points, you may get commuter service to the regional hub, but few through intercity rides into the territory of the next hub (see North Philadelphia).
Regional contract services can include marketing. In 2005 photo the Hamburg<>Bremen service advertises clock headways (takt). Previously, Hamburg<>Bremen was dominated by long-distance trains, resulting in ragged headways for regional travel.
Alsace regional label on SNCF equipment in 2018 even includes the local dialect.
Altenbeken in 2002 was sort of a forgotten summit between regions.
In 2014 even an HO-scale model railway is programmed for timed transfer connections in Germany. That is not always achieved in real life but it's a goal.